Noble Group Ltd.’s crisis deepened after S&P Global Ratings flagged a risk of default for the commodity trader within a year, triggering a rout in the company’s already-battered shares, an exchange query, and a trading halt before an announcement. Its 2020 bonds plunged to a record.
There’s potential the company will face non-payment of obligations over the next 12 months, S&P said in a statement late Monday as it cut the company’s ratings by three steps to CCC+. On Tuesday, the shares plunged as much as 32 percent to 40 Singapore cents, and were at 42 cents as the halt kicked in after just 36 minutes of trade. The 2020 bonds sank to 39.7 cents on the dollar.
Noble Group declined to comment on S&P’s assessment in response to a request from Bloomberg News.
The Hong-Kong based trader’s troubles are deepening after two turbulent years that have been marked by losses, asset sales, and accusations of improper accounting that it has denied. Since surprising investors two weeks ago with a quarterly loss, the shares have tumbled to multiyear lows and the price of its bonds has fallen by more than half. S&P’s warning follows downgrades from Moody’s Investors Service and Fitch Ratings Ltd. in recent days.
“We downgraded Noble because we believe the company’s capital structure is not sustainable,” S&P said. The “refinancing of its large upcoming maturities will depend on the willingness of its lenders and counterparties,” it said.
On Monday, the shares lost 6.4 percent in Singapore before the S&P downgrade, and its bonds fell as Reuters reported Sinochem Group is no longer pursuing an investment. Earlier on Tuesday, the 2018 notes dropped 4.3 cents to 52.3 cents on the dollar as of 11:30 a.m. in Hong Kong, after an 8.1 cent slump a day earlier, according to Bloomberg-compiled prices.
S&P said that Noble Group has three major maturities over the next 12 months, listing $656 million due in 2017, of which $620 million are borrowing-base facilities due in June 2017; $379 million under a medium-term note program due in March 2018; and $1.1 billion in revolving credit facilities due in May 2018. Beyond that, there are bonds due in 2020 and 2022.
“Over the next three years, it’s got huge amounts of debt maturing and right now the company is deeply trapped, unable to make any profit,” Margaret Yang, a strategist at CMC Markets in Singapore, said by phone. A potential default over the coming year is “totally possible,” according to Yang.
Noble Group is seeking a new $2 billion credit facility from its lenders before the $620 million in loans mature under the existing facility next month. “Conversations with the banks are ongoing,” Chief Financial Officer Paul Jackaman said earlier this month.
In its assessment, Moody’s highlighted a $900 million gap between estimated liquidity headroom of about $1.2 billion and the $2.1 billion in debt due by the middle of next year. Fitch said while Noble Group has adequate funds to cover maturities in 2017, it’ll need to source external financing in 2018.
Noble Group’s new chairman, Paul Brough, has been tasked with leading a review after he was named to the post this month, replacing founder Richard Elman. “The new chairman is considering assets sales and other strategic options, but there is limited visibility on the plan,” S&P said.
While the turmoil at Noble Group stretches back more than two years, there’s been a flurry of developments over the past two weeks following the surprise profit warning for the first-quarter. Below is a timeline of major recent events, according to Bloomberg.
May 9: Noble Group issues profit warning for first quarter May 10: Bonds slump after profit warning May 11: Shares sink in Singapore as trading resumes after public holiday May 11: S&P says debt load unsustainable May 11: Noble Group reports loss, appoints chairman to review options May 12: Noble Group shares cap 48 percent weekly loss May 15: Moody’s cuts rating, flags $900 million funding gap May 16: Singapore Exchange says its ‘closely monitoring developments’ May 16: Fitch Ratings cuts rating, says external funds needed in 2018 May 22: S&P cuts rating, warns of risk of default