OPEC+ will consider cutting oil output by more than 1 million barrels a day, according to delegates, when it meets in person on Wednesday for the first time in more than two years.
A larger-than-expected reduction would reflect the scale of the producer group’s concern that the global economy is slowing fast in the face of rapidly tightening monetary policy. A final decision won’t be made until oil ministers meet in OPEC’s Vienna headquarters, the delegates said. A cut of 1 million would be the biggest since the start of the pandemic.
Brent crude soared above $125 a barrel following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February. It’s since dropped, tempering the spectacular windfall enjoyed by Saudi Arabia, Russia, the United Arab Emirates and other major producers.
Still, it jumped 2.6% to $87.40 a barrel by 11:55 a.m. in Singapore on Monday as traders anticipated OPEC+’s move.
“OPEC+ are very focused on stronger US interest rates and its impact on emerging-market demand,” said Amrita Sen, chief oil analyst at Energy Aspects Ltd. “Hence, they want to pre-empt any possible surpluses” in the global market.
A massive cut risks adding another shock to the global economy, which is already battling energy-driven inflation. The US and other countries have called for more production, with President Joe Biden visiting Saudi Arabia earlier this year in search of a new oil deal – and ultimately lower pump prices for Americans ahead of mid-term elections in November.
Average US gasoline prices fell rapidly after hitting a record of more than $5 a gallon in June. Yet they’ve risen again in the past 10 days to around $3.80.
Biden is also trying to restrict the revenues that Moscow receives for oil as part of efforts to weaken Vladimir Putin’s war effort. An OPEC+ reduction would probably have the opposite effect.
Banks including JPMorgan Chase & Co. said OPEC+ may need to lower output by least 500,000 barrels a day to stabilise prices. Helima Croft, chief commodities strategist at RBC Capital Markets, has said the group may opt for a cut twice that large.
“I suspect that they might not want to go in person for a minor move,” Croft said.
The relationship between Riyadh and Moscow – which underpins the 23-nation OPEC+ alliance – has survived Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and shows no signs of weakening. It’s not yet confirmed if Russian oil chief and Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak will attend the Vienna meeting in person. If he does it will send a powerful message, as well as prove awkward for Ukraine’s allies in the European Union.
Novak was sanctioned by the US on Friday, following Russia’s annexation of four regions of Ukraine, though the EU has not followed suit. Asked about his potential appearance in Vienna, the Austrian government noted he has not been sanctioned, and had no further comment.
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and its partners have been meeting on-line on a monthly basis and weren’t expected to arrange an in-person gathering until at least the end of this year.
The slump in prices may have been what prompted them to change their minds.
“Only OPEC+ can wake up oil prices from their current slumber,” said Viktor Katona, an analyst at energy analytics firm Kpler in Vienna.