Iran is said to be offering its main crude grade to customers in Asia at the deepest discount in 14 years, taking a cue from Saudi Arabia in trimming price differentials.
National Iranian Oil Co. cut its official selling price for January shipments of light crude to Asia to a discount of $1.80 a barrel below the regional benchmark as Middle Eastern producers vie to keep selling in the region, according to four people with knowledge of the decision.
An official at NIOC’s crude-marketing department in Tehran declined to comment.
Iran cut the differential to a discount from a premium of 13 cents a barrel to the average of the Oman and Dubai benchmark crudes for December.
The light crude grade hasn’t sold at such a steep discount since Bloomberg began tracking the country’s official selling prices in March 2000.
Oil prices have collapsed since the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries decided on November 27 to maintain its output target, fanning speculation that Saudi Arabia and other members are determined to make North American shale drillers and other producers share the burden of reducing oversupply.
Saudi Arabia’s state oil company prompted speculation that the kingdom was seeking to preserve market share when it lowered prices for November.
Expanding supplies from North American shale deposits coupled with weakening demand growth in China, the world’s second-largest oil consumer, helped push crude into a bear market this year.
Middle Eastern producers are increasingly competing with cargoes from Latin America, North Africa and Russia for buyers in Asia.
Saudi Arabian Oil Co. lowered the official selling price for its Arab Light grade to Asia next month to $2 a barrel less than a regional benchmark, the company said by e-mail December 4, marking the biggest discount since compiling data in June 2000.
Saudi Aramco, as the company is known, cut all differentials in January for buyers in Asia and the US and raised them for customers in Europe.
Fellow OPEC members Iraq and Kuwait also cut selling prices to Asia, on December 8 and December 10, respectively.
Iran deepened the discount for Iran Heavy crude to $3.51 a barrel for January sales to buyers in Asia, compared with a $1.66 discount for December, according to the people, who asked not to be identified since the pricing information is confidential.
That cut puts Iran’s heavy crude at the deepest discount December 2008.
Saudi Aramco set the discount for its comparable Arab Medium crude at the deepest level since December 2008.