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Exxon, Total poised to win stakes in giant Qatar gas project

© Supplied by Qatar EnergyMcDermott QatarEnergy
At the dock: an LNG tanker loads up in Qatar, a major exporter

ExxonMobil and TotalEnergies are among a group of Western energy companies poised to win stakes in a multibillion dollar project to boost Qatar’s gas exports, people with knowledge of the matter said.

State producer QatarEnergy may announce its decision as soon as this weekend, according to the people. Several other firms including Shell Plc also bid to be part of the expansion. Exxon was the second-best performer in the S&P 500 Index in early US trading on Tuesday.

Qatar’s project, one of the largest ever in the natural gas industry, comes as Europe rushes to wean itself off Russian supplies in the wake of Moscow’s attack on Ukraine. Josep Borrell, the European Union’s chief diplomat, German Economy Minister Robert Habeck and other officials have visited Qatar in recent months in a bid to secure commitments of extra gas.

The investments will help the Persian Gulf state fund a plan of at least $30 billion to raise annual output of liquefied natural gas to almost 130 million tonnes by 2027. Qatar may initially announce partners for the first phase, some of the people said.

That part will see QatarEnergy build four liquefaction units, known as trains, each with a capacity of 8 million tonnes per year. The first gas flows aren’t expected until 2026, according to Qatar’s emir.

Exxon declined to comment, referring questions to QatarEnergy. Total declined to comment. QatarEnergy didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. Shell would be “delighted to be selected,” it said in a statement, adding that the expansion will “provide much-needed gas supplies to global markets.”

QatarEnergy invited journalists to a press conference in Doha on Sunday, without stating the reason. Patrick Pouyanne, Total’s chief executive officer, and officials from Exxon may attend that, according to several of the people.

Exxon rose 3.1% to $101.83 by 9:47 a.m. in New York, the highest since 2014. Total reversed losses.

Saad Al-Kaabi, Qatar’s energy minister and CEO of QatarEnergy, said last year that talks about a sale of equity stakes were under way with Chevron and ConocoPhillips, as well as Exxon, Total and Shell. Italy’s Eni has also said it’s keen to take part.

In June 2021, Kaabi said the bids were “double what we requested.”

Exxon, Total, Shell and ConocoPhillips are among firms that have stakes in Qatar’s existing production facilities.

Qatar, which vies with the US and Australia to be the world’s biggest LNG exporter, has delayed the decision for at least two years. It said it had enough money to complete the project alone and would only choose equity partners if it got decent offers.

For Total, a deal may allay recent concerns from investors that its growth in LNG is stalling. The company’s retreat from Russia has seen it stop funding the major Arctic LNG 2 project, while in Mozambique it has suspended construction of a large gas complex because of an Islamic State-linked insurgency.

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