The United Nations chief has sharply criticised the “grotesque greed” of oil and gas companies for making record profits from the energy crisis on the back of the world’s poorest people, “while destroying our only home”.
Secretary-general Antonio Guterres said it was “immoral” that the largest energy companies in the first quarter of the year made combined profits of close to $100 billion (£82 billion).
He urged all governments to tax these “excessive” profits “and use the funds to support the most vulnerable people through these difficult times”.
Mr Guterres urged people everywhere to send a message to the fossil fuel industry and its financiers that “this grotesque greed is punishing the poorest and most vulnerable people, while destroying our only common home, the planet”.
The secretary-general spoke at a news conference launching a report by the Global Crisis Response Group he set up to tackle the triple interconnected crises of food, energy and finance which have especially hit countries trying to recover from the Covid-19 pandemic and deal with the devastating impact of the war in Ukraine.
Mr Guterres told reporters that “we are seeing excessive, scandalous profits of the oil and gas industry in a moment in which all of us are losing money” because of inflation of around 7-8%.
And “nothing will be more popular than to tax the excessive profits … and to distribute that money to the most vulnerable families”, he said.
The crisis group has already presented recommendations on food and finance and Mr Guterres said he believes “we are making some progress” in those areas, especially on food.
The report focuses on the energy crisis, and the secretary-general said it aims to achieve the equivalent of the grain deal he first proposed to the Russian and Ukrainian presidents to enable Ukrainian grain to be shipped from Russian-blockaded ports on the Black Sea to world markets in desperate need of food supplies.
The first ship to leave Ukraine was headed to Lebanon on Wednesday after a three-hour inspection in Turkish waters.
Mr Guterres said speculators and obstacles to getting grain and fertilisers to global markets during the Ukraine war sent food prices soaring.
But since negotiations on the grain deal “gained traction”, he said, there has been “a significant fall” and today prices of most foodstuffs and fertilisers are more or less at their pre-war prices.
“But that doesn’t mean that bread in the bakery is at the same price before the war, because these are quotations in wholesale markets, some of them related to futures,” he said, and there are a lot of other factors contributing to rising prices including transportation and insurance costs and supply chain disruptions.
UN trade chief Rebeca Grynspan, who co-ordinated the crisis group, said wheat prices are down almost 50% from their peak, corn and fertiliser prices have dropped almost 25% in the past month and crude oil is now around 93 dollars a barrel compared with 120 dollars a barrel in June.
“Only natural gas has bucked the trend and is still higher than a month ago,” she told reporters by video from Geneva.
Falling prices are “good news”, Ms Grynspan said, but they have been high for too long and since June forecasts for extreme poverty have risen by 71 million people and forecasts for food insecurity by 47 million.
In another key recommendation, the crisis group urges richer developed countries, especially, to conserve energy, including by reducing air conditioning and heating use and by promoting public transport “and nature-based solutions”.
Mr Guterres said new technologies including storage for batteries “should become public goods”, and governments must scale up and diversify supply chains for raw materials and renewable energy technologies.
The group also recommends scaling up private and multilateral finance for “the green energy transition”.
And it backed the International Energy Agency’s goal of increasing investments in renewable energy by a factor of seven to meet the goal of cutting greenhouse gas emissions to “net zero” by 2050 to help curb man-made climate change.
“Today, developing countries are spending around 150 billion dollars on clean energy,” said Ms Grynspan, the secretary-general of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
“They need to spend one trillion dollars in investments.”