Oil snapped a two-day gain as a second wave of coronavirus cases in China and a report pointing to a further swelling in U.S. stockpiles cast doubt on the demand outlook in the world’s two largest economies.
Futures in New York fell toward $37 a barrel after climbing almost 6% over the previous two sessions. Beijing has ordered all schools to close in an escalation of containment measures as its struggles to halt the outbreak that’s already spread to neighboring provinces. China is one of the world’s few energy consumption bright spots, staging a rapid recovery over the past few months.
The American Petroleum Institute reported U.S. oil stockpiles rose by 3.86 million barrels last week, according to people familiar with the data. Inventories grew to a record in the previous week, official figures showed, despite output having fallen by at least 2 million barrels a day since March.
While top global producers have curbed output in response to the pandemic, demand is returning only slowly and second-wave risks remain, making it tougher for crude prices to keep rallying. Global oil demand will rebound in 2021 but will take a couple of years to get back to pre-virus levels, the International Energy Agency said in its monthly report.
“A large part of the broader rally has been on the back of a strong recovery from China, and if we start seeing parts of the country locking down, that will not be great for demand,” said Warren Patterson, head of commodities strategy at ING Bank NV. The inventories data in the U.S. also suggests it’s taking longer than expected for consumption to come back, he said.
West Texas Intermediate crude for July delivery fell 2.6% to $37.40 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange as of 12:07 p.m. in Singapore after rising 3.4% on Tuesday. The U.S. benchmark crude has climbed around 5% in June following an 88% surge in May.
Brent for August settlement dropped 1.9% to $40.18 a barrel on the ICE Futures Europe exchange following a 3.1% gain in the previous session. The contract was 63 cents cheaper than November futures, compared with more than $3 at the end of May. The narrowing contango shows that supplies are tightening.
Fuel use around the world will remain 2.5% lower next year than in 2019, largely because of the “the dire situation of the aviation sector,” the Paris-based IEA said in its first detailed assessment of 2021 released on Tuesday.
Meanwhile, three OPEC members who were singled out by their peers for failing to bring production down to target levels in May appear to be improving their compliance. Nigerian and Angolan crude exports have fallen markedly in the first half of this month, while shipments from Iraq are showing a small decline.